Friday, July 29, 2011

Alzheimer Research Forum EADC


Alzheimer Research Forum is a nonprofit organization that seeks to advance Alzheimer’s disease research by improving scientists’ access to information and research resources. The forum maintains an extensive web-based metajournal of scientific research, discussion forums, resource indexes, grant/conferences/job opportunities, researcher, lab and institute profiles, and sponsors programs and workshops to address impediments to research.

Alzheimer Europe Organization website

Alzheimer Europe

Alzheimer Europe website. We are a non-governmental organisation aimed at raising awareness of all forms of dementia by creating a common European platform through co-ordination and co-operation between Alzheimer organisations throughout Europe. Alzheimer Europe is also a source of information on all aspects of dementia.

Tuesday, July 26, 2011

Maximizing communication with the Alzheimer's patient by Martin D. Shulman, Ellen Mandel

Maximizing communication with the Alzheimer's patient | Nursing Homes | Find Articles at BNET

"Those who interact with individuals with a diagnosis of dementia of the Alzheimer's type know the difficulties in communicating with these patients. Their communicative deficits have been well documented and may include poor memory, poor judgement, poor word finding skills, poor comprehension of spoken and written material, poor expressive language skills, verbal perseverations of words and ideas, poor topic maintenance, poor turn taking, poor discourse skills, and general disorientation or confusion. While these patients may be able to speak clearly, they have difficulty in communicating their thoughts, needs and ideas."

"While certainly devastating to the individual, these deficits can have an equally negative impact on the communication partner. Anyone who needs to converse with an Alzheimer's patient faces a variety of potential difficulties which may set the stage for communicative breakdown and frustration. The authors have been involved in training programs designed to maximize communicating with the Alzheimer's patient. It is our feeling that family, friends, physicians, nurses, aides, orderlies, volunteers, and staff members of long-term care facilities can learn some strategies to make conversing with Alzheimer's patients more effective, efficient and, hopefully, less frustrating."

Saturday, July 23, 2011

Alzheimer’s Drugs — Fact and Fiction | Alzheimer's Compendium

There are two main categories of drugs for treating Alzheimer’s, i.e.:

These drugs do not cure Alzheimer’s, and there is scant evidence that they slow down the damage that is being done. What they can do, however, is help the damaged regions of the brain function better, which in turn slows down the emergence of symptoms and improves your loved one’s quality of life.

(1) Cholinesterase inhibitors

These include the prescription drugs Aricept/donepezil, Razadyne/galantamine, and Exelon/rivastigmine, and the over-the-counter “supplement” huperzine A.

(2) NMDA antagonists

So far, there is only one drug in this category, i.e., Namenda/memantine.

Alzheimer’s Drugs — Fact and Fiction » Alzheimer's Compendium

Alzheimer’s is a multidomain disorder

Confabulation: Honest Lying » Alzheimer's Compendium

Alzheimer’s is a multidomain disorder, including not only memory loss, but also executive dysfunction (e.g., impaired ability to plan ahead, prioritize, stop and start activities, shift from one activity to another activity, and to monitor one’s own behavior) and varying degrees of visuospatial and language deficits.

Friday, July 22, 2011

What is a Carers; Centre? | Carers in UK

Carers' Centres are independent charities that deliver a wide range of local support services to meet the needs of carers in their own communities.

All Carers' Centres provide, either by telephone, drop-in or outreach surgeries, the following core services: Information and advice - about all issues affecting carers, including benefits, breaks, respite and support services, carer assessment procedures, aids and adaptations Emotional support - by providing opportunities for carers to talk through their concerns, both individually and in group sessions, with staff, trained volunteers and other carers who understand their situation, thus helping to alleviate isolation and stress.

Community consultation - carers need a unified voice in any locality to ensure that they have an impact on decision-making.

By working with other agencies and consulting carers, Carers' Centres can have a strong influence on local policy, planning procedures and outcomes. They can also ensure that the local carers' voice can be linked in to the regional and national decision-making bodies.

Carers' Centres develop other services in response to identified local needs.

These might include: Advocacy - at tribunals, assessments, case reviews, assistance to access funds and services, or whenever a carer needs a friend or supporter Practical help - befriending, breaks, transport, benefits advice Training and education - in skills often needed by carers, such as moving and handling, first aid, and care giving; personal development; stress reduction through reflexology and aromatherapy; and training and education for professionals on carer-related issues Fun - time out, breaks, the opportunity to enjoy a social life, taking into account carers' special needs and sense of isolation The aim of our work is to help ensure that no carer has to reach crisis point before they get the support they need. In short, to make it easier for carers to cope.


The Princess Royal Trust for Carers works to reach carers and develop services for carers across the country through The Nationwide Network of 144 Carers' Centres.

Thursday, July 21, 2011

Caregiver Resource Directory: Online Version from Net of care

Caregiver Resource Directory (Online Version) - NetofCare
The Caregiver Resource Directory is a practical guide that includes much of the information available on this site, while also offering a way to organize materials and information.

The Princess Royal Trust for Carers | UK

One in 10 people in the UK are carers - looking after a loved-one who is sick, disabled, suffering from a mental health problem or an addiction - some carers are as young as five years old. What carers have in common is the selflessness to put their family members needs before their own, but they face an on-going life of isolation, ill-health and poverty.

A lifeline for hundreds of thousands of carers across the UK.

For 20 years, The Princess Royal Trust for Carers has been fighting to provide carers with the support they so desperately need. The Trust understands that few of us plan to become carers, so when a caring role starts, every carer needs an expert to guide them through the maze of services, rules and entitlements. For a carer, this can make the difference between keeping and losing their job, or between staying healthy and collapsing under the stress.

At the heart of The Trust is a unique network of 144 independently-managed Carers' Centres, 89 young carers' services and interactive websites ( and which deliver around the clock support to over 424,000 carers and approximately 25,000 young carers. Today we are the largest provider of carer support in the UK offering unique and innovative services.

Media clip:

BBC - BBC One Programmes - Lifeline, The Princess Royal Trust for Carers

E-learning: The Open Dementia Programme

SCIE e-learning: Fair Access to Care Services (FACS) 2010 training module
E-learning: The Open Dementia Programme

Published: 2009

The Open Dementia e-Learning Programme is aimed at anyone who comes into contact with someone with dementia and provides a general introduction to the disease and the experience of living with dementia. This programme is designed to be accessible to a wide audience and to make learning as enjoyable as possible and so allows users to fully interact with the content and includes video, audio and graphics to make the content come alive. In particular the programme includes a considerable amount of new video footage shot by both the Alzheimer’s Society and SCIE where people with dementia and their carers share their views and feelings on camera.

Wednesday, July 20, 2011

Top tips for carers - Alzheimer's Society UK

Top tips for carers - Alzheimer's Society
Top tips for carers
Man smiling with woman
When your loved one is being cared for in hospital

There are many things you can do to check your loved one is receiving good care in hospital. Working with the care home is the best place to start.

We have put together our ten top tips for carers whose loved one are now being cared for in a care home/hospital:

Friday, July 15, 2011

Helping the person with financial issues | moneymatters article by Alzheimer s Association,

© 2010 Alzheimer s Association. All rights reserved. This is a  official publication of the Alzheimer s Association but may be distributed by unaffiliated organizations and individuals. Such distribution does not constitute an endorsement of these parties or their activities by the Alzheimer s Association.

Helping the person with dementia settle financial issues Putting financial plans in place is important for everyone, but understanding money matters is especially vital for the person with dementia.

Dementia is a general term for the loss of memory, decision-making and other intellectual abilities serious enough to interfere with daily life. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common form of dementia.

Once a person is diagnosed, family and friends should help the person make financial plans.The sooner plans can begin, the more the person with dementia may be able to participate.

The Alzheimer’s Association has identified costs you may face as your loved one lives

with dementia. Inside, you’ll also find different ways to help cover those costs.

1 Getting started Gather financial and legal documents Discuss financial needs and goals

Get professional assistance Look at factors that affect income Costs you may


How to cover the costs Insurance Work-related and personal resources Government assistance Financial help that you provide Support services in your community

Money matters is meant to provide general financial information, not to take the place of professional financial or legal advice. New developments – such as legislative and regulatory changes – may affect its accuracy. Consult a professional before making decisions.

Getting started

Begin putting financial plans in place as soon as the diagnosis has been made. Careful planning can help you secure a healthy financial future.

In addition to planning for the cost of care, there are many ongoing financial duties, including:

• Paying bills

• Arranging for benefit claims

• Making investment decisions

• Preparing tax returns

Get started by putting in place all of the information, resources and support you’ll need.

Gather financial and legal documents

Carefully go over all financial and legal documents, even if you’re already familiar with them.

Legal documents include:

• Living wills

• Medical and durable powers of attorney

• Wills Financial documents


• Bank and brokerage account information

• Deeds, mortgage papers or ownership


• Insurance policies

• Monthly or outstanding bills

• Pension and other

retirement benefit summaries

• Rental income paperwork

• Social Security payment


• Stock and bond certificates

At this point, it may also be helpful to

identify which necessary documents are not in place.

Professional financial and legal advisers can assist you with this task.

Discuss financial needs and goals

After the diagnosis, determine financial needs and goals. Discussing these early on

enables the person to still understand the issues and to talk about what his or her

wishes are.

Involve all other people concerned as much as possible. Talk about putting financial and care plans in place. If others are available to help, encourage the sharing of caregiving duties. Discuss how finances might be pooled to provide necessary care.

Get professional assistance

Now is also a good time to find the professionals you will need. They will be valuable sources of information and assistance.

Start by contacting your local Alzheimer’s Association office. Our staff can match you with the right professional services, including qualified attorneys, financial planners and accountants.

Financial advisers

Professional financial advisers, such as financial planners and estate planning

attorneys, can help you:

• Identify potential financial resources • Identify tax deductions • Avoid bad

investment decisions that could deplete your finances

When selecting a financial adviser, check qualifications such as:

• Professional credentials

• Work experience

• Educational background

• Membership in professional associations

• Areas of specialty Also, ask the financial adviser if he or she is familiar with elder care or long-term care planning.

Legal advisers

Seek an experienced elder law attorney to help:

• Address estate planning issues • Prepare legal documents If you cannot afford legal

assistance, find out if pro bono (no cost) legal aid is available in your community.

Look at factors that affect income

When making financial plans for the person with dementia, be sure to consider his or her:

• Age

• Types of assets

• Types of insurance

• Tax issues • Long-term health outlook

Costs you may face

Begin planning a long-term budget now. Consider all the costs you might face, now and in the future.

Keep in mind that Alzheimer’s is a progressive disease, and the person’s needs will

change over time.

Costs may include:

• Ongoing medical treatment for Alzheimer’s, including diagnosis and follow-up visits

• Treatment for other medical conditions

• Prescription drugs • Personal care supplies •

Adult day care services

• In-home care services

• Full-time residential care services

These costs vary depending upon where you live.

To learn about care options in your area, contact your local Alzheimer's Association office or visit the Alzheimer's Association CareSource™ at you’ll find a set of online tools and services that will help you coordinate and plan to pay for care. A financial adviser can help design a plan that’s unique to the person’s financial needs – both immediate and long-term.

How to cover the costs A number of financial resources may be available to help cover the costs throughout the course of the disease. Some may apply now, others in the future.


Health-care coverage

If you are 65 or older, the primary source of health care coverage is usually Medicare.

However, private insurance, a group employee plan or retiree health coverage may also be in effect. No matter what the age of the person with dementia, it’s vital to keep active any existing health care plans that meet his or her needs.

Medicare covers inpatient hospital care and some of the doctors’ fees and other medical items for people with Alzheimer’s who are age 65 or older. Medicare also covers outpatient prescription drugs.

If the person with dementia is younger than 65, Medicare can provide coverage if he or she has been on Social Security disability for at least 24 months.

Medicare provides some home health care, including skilled nursing care and

rehabilitation therapy, under certain conditions.

Custodial long-term nursing home care is not covered by Medicare. Medicare will only pay for up to 100 days of skilled nursing home care under limited circumstances.

Medicare will pay for home or inpatient hospice care for qualified people who are terminally ill.

You may be able to choose a “managed care” form of Medicare, such as:

• Medicare health maintenance organization (HMO)

• Preferred provider organization (PPO)

• Point of service (POS) plan

These options may provide services not covered by traditional Medicare. But these forms of Medicare usually have limits on which hospitals,doctors and other health care providers you can use.

To learn about the many Medicare options, and whether they are right for the person with dementia, read each plan carefully. You can also contact your State Health Insurance Assistance Program (SHIP) for free one-on-one help and publications. Call us at 1.800.272.3900, and ask for the SHIP location nearest you.

You also may be able to supplement the person’s Medicare coverage with Medigap insurance, which fills gaps in Medicare coverage, such as paying for coinsurance.The more expensive Medigap policies may cover additional items.

Learn more about Medicare Call 1.800.633.4227 Visit or find your state’s SHIP at If the person with dementia is younger than 65 years old (considered younger-onset Alzheimer’s), he or she may have private insurance, a group employee health plan or perhaps retiree medical coverage.

If he or she changes policies, check how soon expenses from Alzheimer’s disease will be covered under the new policy.

Most policies do not cover “pre-existing conditions” for up to a year. However, these exclusion periods (when coverage is not provided) don’t apply in all cases.

The exclusion period won’t apply if the person:

• Has been covered for the past 12 or 18 months, depending on the policy,

• Has already met an exclusion period, and • Has not been without health coverage for more than 62 days

COBRA may be another option for a person younger than age 65. COBRA stands for the Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1985. COBRA applies to employers with 20 or more employees. Under COBRA, an employee may continue group plan coverage for up to 18, 29 or 36 months,depending on the circumstances, if he or she:

• Leaves the employer

• Has his or her hours reduced to the point that he or she nolonger qualifies for the health plan

The insured employee must pay the full cost of coverage, plus up to 2 percent more to cover administrative costs. COBRA can be especially helpful until the person with dementia:

• Gets new coverage through an employer, or

• Becomes eligible for Medicare You must activate the COBRA option within 60 days of when the person with dementia leaves work or has work hours reduced. Some private health care plans will extend coverage under a disability extension of benefits. In other words, even though the medical plan may lapse, an insured’s disability (in this case, Alzheimer’s disease) remains covered.

Disability insurance

Disability insurance provides income for a worker who can no longer work due to illness or injury. With an employer-paid disability policy, 60 to 70 percent of a person’s gross (overall total) income is usually provided. Benefits paid out of an employer-paid plan are taxed as income.

If the person with dementia bought a personal disability policy, then the benefits paid will be the amount he or she chose.The benefits from a personal disability policy are not taxed as income.

Long-term care insurance

If long-term care insurance is in place, carefully review the policy to find out:

• Is Alzheimer’s disease covered? Most policies say they cover Alzheimer’s disease, but take a closer look to be sure.

• When can the person with dementia begin to collect benefits? Most policies require a defined level of physical or cognitive impairment.

• What is the daily benefit, and is it adjusted annually for inflation?

• How long will benefits be paid?

• Is there a maximum lifetime payout?

• What kind of care will the policy cover? Examples include skilled nursing home, assisted living, custodial care and licensed home care.

• How long after diagnosis will the policy begin to pay? This is often called the

elimination period.

• Are there tax implications for getting this money? Unfortunately, after symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease appear, it is usually no longer possible to purchase many types of insurance, like disability and long-term care insurance.

Life insurance

Life insurance can be a source of cash. You may be able to borrow from a life insurance policy’s cash value. Or the person with dementia may be able to receive a part of the policy’s face value as a loan. This is called a viatical loan and is paid off upon the person’s death.

Some life insurance policies may offer accelerated death benefits. This means that some of the insurance benefits can be paid if the insured person is not expected to live beyond the next six to 12 months because of a terminal illness. The payout may run as high as 90 to 95 percent of the policy’s face value and will not be taxed as income. See if any policies contain a waiver of premium rider. That means that the insured,if disabled,does not have to pay premiums to continue coverage.

Work-related and personal resources


In the early stages of dementia it’s often possible that a person will continue

working. This may mean adapting job duties to fit the current level of ability.

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) offers limited protection to those with

Alzheimer’s. The ADA requires that companies with at least 15 or more employees make “reasonable” accommodations for job applicants and employees with physical or mental disabilities. For example, an employer may switch the worker to a less demanding job or reduce work hours.

Be sure the employer is educated about Alzheimer’s disease and its symptoms.

If you think the person with dementia has been treated unfairly at work, first try to resolve the issue with the employer. If that doesn’t work, you can file a claim under the ADA through the federal Equal Employment Opportunity Commission or under your state’s disability law.

Employee benefits

If the person with dementia continues to work:

• Review the employer’s benefits handbook. • Ask the benefits specialist what benefits may be available. For example, the employer may provide paid sick leave or other short-term disability benefits (usually for one year or less).

• Keep written confirmation of all benefits. The employee may be able to convert an

employer-provided life insurance policy to an individual plan. If the person with

dementia is still working, he or she may have available a flexible spending account. This allows payment for out-of-pocket medical expenses with pretax dollars, for potential savings of about 20 to 30 percent.

Retirement benefits

Retirement plans include:

• Individual retirement accounts (IRAs)

• Annuities Benefits from retirement plans can

provide critical financial resources, even if the person with dementia hasn’t reached retirement age.

Pension plans typically pay benefits before retirement age to a worker defined as

disabled under the plan’s guidelines.

The person with dementia may also be able to withdraw money from his or her IRA or

employee-funded retirement plan before age 59 1/2 without paying the typical 10 percent early withdrawal penalty. This money usually will be considered regular income, and taxes will have to be paid on the amount withdrawn.

In that case, if withdrawals can be delayed until after the person leaves work, income taxes due will likely be less because he or she will probably fall into a lower income-tax bracket.

Social Security benefits are also available before retirement age if Social Security disability requirements are met.

Personal savings, investments and personal property

Investment assets like these can be sources of income:

• Stocks

• Bonds

• Savings accounts

• Real estate

• Personal property, such as jewelry or artwork For example, the equity in a home could be converted into income, a process called a reverse mortgage. This is a type of home equity loan that allows a person age 62 or older to convert some of the equity in his or her home into cash while remaining the homeowner. The amount the person is eligible to borrow is generally based on the:

• Person’s age • Home’s equity • Lender’s interest rate Reverse mortgages do not have an impact on Social Security or Medicare benefits, but they may affect qualifying for other government programs.

Government assistance

In addition to Medicare, the person with dementia may qualify for a number of public programs. These programs provide income support or long-term care services to people who are eligible.

Social Security Disability Income (SSDI)

A worker who is younger than age 65 may qualify for Social Security disability payments. To qualify for SSDI, the person must meet the Social Security Administration’s definition of disability. Meeting the definition of disability generally means proving that:

• The person with dementia is unable to work in any occupation.

• The condition will last at least a year or is expected to result in death. Family

members also may be eligible to receive SSDI benefits. File for SSDI benefits as soon as possible:

• Benefits do not begin until the sixth full month of disability.

• The Social Security Administration often takes a long time to decide whether to

approve a claim.

• It’s not unusual for disability applicants to be rejected initially. Be prepared to appeal.Your professional advisers can assist in this process.

After receiving SSDI benefits for at least 24 months, the person with dementia will

qualify for Medicare benefits.

Supplemental Security Income (SSI)

SSI guarantees a minimum monthly income for people who:

• Are age 65 or older, • Are disabled or blind, and • Have very limited income and

assets – these asset and income levels vary from state to state To qualify for SSI

benefits, the person with dementia must meet the Social Security Administration’s

definition of disability.

If you think he or she qualifies for SSI benefits, begin the application process as

quickly as possible after the diagnosis. SSI payments begin upon approval of the


Learn more about SSDI and SSI Call 1.800.772.1213 Visit


Medicaid is a program jointly funded by federal and state governments. It is

administered by each state. Medicaid pays for:

• Medical care for people with very low income and asset levels

• Long-term care for people who have used up most of their own money, under most circumstances Most Medicaid dollars go toward nursing home care, but most states have home- and community-care options for some people who qualify for nursing home care. (Not all nursing homes accept Medicaid, so choices are limited.)

In most states, Medicaid will pay for hospice care. If the person with dementia is

eligible for SSI, he or she usually is automatically eligible for Medicaid.

Those not on SSI must have minimal income and assets. The amount is determined by each state.

There are also specific guidelines about protecting spouses from impoverishment (the depleting of finances) in determining income and asset levels. The person with dementia should be very careful about giving away assets to family members to qualify for Medicaid. Strict laws govern this area. Be sure you are fully aware of the legal and financial results of transferring property and wealth. Check with your legal adviser before you proceed.

Learn more about Medicaid

•Your state’s Medicaid telephone number may be listed in the blue (government) pages of the telephone directory

• Call the general information telephone number for your state or county human services or social services department

• Visit Veterans benefits Veterans

may qualify for government benefits, including health and long-term care. These benefits often change, so call a Veterans Affairs benefits counselor or visit the VA Web site for the latest information. Learn more about veterans benefits Contact the Department of Veterans Affairs: Call 1.877.222.8387 for health care benefits Call 1.800.827.1000 for general benefits Visit

Other public programs

Many states have state-funded, long-term care, including: • Adult day care

•Respite care

Learn more about other public programs


•LocalAreaAgencyonAgingortheEldercareLocator: Call 1.800.677.1116

Visit Tax benefits Some financial benefits are available

for the caregiver from the Internal Revenue Service (IRS): Income tax deductions

• Income tax credits The person with dementia is likely considered your dependent for tax purposes. If so, you may be allowed to itemize his or her medical costs. Keep careful records of all medical expenses.

You may be entitled to the Household and Dependent Care Credit if you need to pay someone to care for the person so you can work. This credit can be subtracted directly from the tax shown on your return. Learn more about tax issues

•Alzheimer’sAssociationpublication, Taxes and Alzheimer’s disease, available from your local

•Yourtaxadviser•InternalRevenueService(IRS): Call

1.800.829.1040 Visit

Financial help that you provide

You may choose to pay out of your own pocket for some or most of the care. Review your own resources, such as savings and insurance policies.

Flexible spending account

If the person with dementia is a dependent under the tax rules, you might be able to use your own workplace flexible spending account. This money can cover the person’s out-of-pocket medical costs or dependent care expenses in some cases.

Family and Medical Leave Act

If you work for an employer with 50 or more employees, you may be able to use the

federal Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) to help balance your caregiving


FMLA allows you to take off up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave each year to provide caregiving. Most workers are guaranteed to keep their jobs.

Paid time off

Some employers provided limited paid time off. You may be able to adjust your schedule or work fewer hours.

In-home care

If you hire a professional to work in your home to help with caregiving, you may be

responsible for paying his or her Social Security and unemployment taxes. Ask your

financial adviser to be sure.

Support services in your community

Many community organizations provide low-cost or even free services, including:

• Respite care

• Support groups

• Transportation to social events

• Meals delivered to the home Learn more about support services

• Your local Alzheimer’s Association office

• Eldercare Locator: Call 1.800.677.1116 Visit

• Your local religious organization •Hospital social worker or discharge


Learn more about financial issues and planning by visiting your local Alzheimer's

Association or one of the following resources:

Alzheimer's Association CareSource™


Eldercare Locator 1.800.677.1116

Financial Planning Association 1.800.322.4237

Internal Revenue Service 1.800.829.1040

National Academy of Elder Law Attorneys

Money matters was developed from source material created in a collaboration with the

National Endowment for Financial Education® (NEFE®).To learn more about the NEFE, visit

10 quick tips Money matters

1 Don’t put off talking about finances and future care wishes

2 Organize and review important documents

3 Get help from well qualified financial and legal advisers

4 Estimate possible costs for the entire disease process

5 Look at all of your insurance options

6 Work-related salary/benefits and personal property should be considered as potential income

7 Find out for which government programs you are eligible

8 Learn about income tax breaks for which you may qualify

9 Explore financial assistance you can personally provide

10 Take advantage of low-cost and free community services

The Alzheimer s Association is the leading voluntary health organization in Alzheimer care, support and research. Our mission is to eliminate Alzheimer s disease through the advancement of research; to provide and enhance care and support for all affected; and to reduce the risk of dementia through the promotion of brain health.

For reliable information and support, contact the Alzheimer’s Association:


© 2010 Alzheimer s Association. All rights reserved. This is an official publication of the Alzheimer s Association but may be distributed by unaffiliated organizations and individuals. Such distribution does not constitute an endorsement of these parties or their activities by the Alzheimer s Association.

Tuesday, July 12, 2011

Johns Hopkins Prescription Drugs Special Report Ordering Your Drugs Online

Johns Hopkins: Prescription Drugs on buying medications from Canada: Johns Hopkins Special Reports

Johns Hopkins Health Alerts Prescription Drugs Ordering Your Drugs Online

Ordering medications from Canada? Here’s a guide to help you play it safe.

"How to buy less expensive medications is one of the top questions I get from my patients," says Johns Hopkins lung specialist Peter B. Terry, M.D. One way to purchase medications at a reduced cost is to buy them online or by phone from Canadian pharmacies. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) opposes foreign drug purchases, warning that these sales pose serious safety problems. While importing Canadian medications is against U.S. policy, the FDA has said that it will not prosecute individuals who import small amounts (three months or less) for personal use. If you are considering ordering medications from Canada, remember that the FDA cannot guarantee the safety of those medications. The FDA’s concerns include:

AARP has come up with guidelines to help consumers minimize their risk and ensure that the medications they receive are the ones their doctors have prescribed. AARP recommends that you pick a pharmacy that:

Provides its license number on its website and the name of the Canadian regulatory agency that granted the license so that you can check the pharmacy’s authenticity.

Displays the seals of the Canadian International Pharmacy Association (CIPA; see or Internet and Mail-Order Pharmacy Accreditation Commission (IMPAC; see These organizations set standards for safety and service among Canadian mail-order pharmacies that sell to Americans. Those that meet the standards receive accreditation.

Requires a prescription for medication from your doctor. Reputable pharmacies may allow you to fax in a prescription but will then either confirm the prescription by a phone call to your doctor’s office or wait until they receive the original one in the mail before filling your order.

Requires you to submit details of your medical history and clearly states the pharmacy’s policies for ensuring medical and personal privacy.

Requires you to have taken a medication for at least one month before you order by mail so that you and your doctor know the medication is working and is safe for you.

Provides a full mailing address and a toll-free phone number on its website so that you can call a pharmacist to ask any questions you may have.

Explains differences between American and Canadian drug names and labeling and why the pharmacy does not sell some medications.

Normally sends medications in the manufacturer’s original container, with seals intact. An exception to this rule occurs when the quantity of pills in the manufacturer’s own container exceeds a 90-day supply. In these cases, medications may arrive in ordinary pharmacy bottles.

Sends medications with labeling that includes strength, dosing directions, expiration date, appropriate warnings, and a Drug Identification Number (DIN) that shows the drug has been approved by the Canadian government health authorities.

Displays on its website full information about shipping fees, payment policies, and refunds. Reputable pharmacies offer secure (encrypted) online payment for credit cards, alternative options for payment (such as electronic fund transfers and regular checks), and do not charge any separate fees except for shipping.

Charges the cost of the medications to your credit card only when the drugs are shipped, not when the order is first placed.

Refunds your money or reships medications immediately if your order does not arrive.

Final word of advice: If you’re wondering where to start looking for pharmacies online, visit, a website run by an independent American consumer research group that provides ratings and price comparisons for more than 40 online pharmacies based mainly in the United States and Canada. This site rates them on a scale of 1–5 and notes whether a pharmacy is licensed, requires a prescription, provides its address and phone number, and offers personal privacy and payment security. The site compares prices for more than 1,000 drugs at these pharmacies and gives details on shipping fees and delivery times.

For more Prescription Drugs articles, please visit the Prescription Drugs Topic Page

Medical Disclaimer: This information is not intended to substitute for the advice of a physician. Click here for additional information: Johns Hopkins Health Alerts Disclaimer

Posted in Prescription Drugs on February 13, 2007

(800) 829-0422

Sunday, July 3, 2011

Kidco Door Knob Safety Lock | Clear

Snaps tight around door knobs. Easy adult pinch grap. 2 pack of Clear Knob with Gray center button. Works on most standard household door knob

Philips - Digital Video Monitor SCD 600 /10 - Baby Video monitors


Power supply: 120 V (US)
Frequency band: 2.4 Ghz
Automatic channel selection: Yes
Belt clip: The belt clip provides hands-free convenience and mobility.
User manual: Yes

Quick start guide: Yes
Battery low indication: Yes
Power on indication: Yes
Volume control: Yes
Auto out of range warning: Yes

Sound-level lights: Yes
Battery charging indication: Yes
Night light: Yes

DECT Philips Avent SCD 530 /00 baby monitor


DECT baby monitor


Operating temperature range: 10 - 40 °C
Storage temperature range: 10 - 40 °C
Frequency band: DECT
Automatic channel selection: Yes
Number of channels: 120
Auto out of range warning: Yes
Battery charging indication: Yes
Battery low indication: Yes
Power on indication: Yes

Sound-level lights: Yes
Volume control: Yes
Vibration alert: Yes
Sensitivity control: Yes
AC/DC adaptor: Yes
Batteries: Yes
DFU/ user manual: Yes
Quick start guide: Yes
Charging base for parent unit: Yes

Belt clip, neck cord and travel bag: Yes
Charging time: 3 hour(s)
Power supply: 220 - 240 V
Power supply: 120 V (US)
Operating time on battery: 24 hour(s)
Logistic data
F-box dimensions (W x H x D): 305 x 135 x 187 mm

Philips Avent Basic Baby Monitor SCD 510 /00 | Sound Monitor

Philips Avent Model number: SCD510/00 Basic Baby Monitor with DECT Technology by Philips Avent

Product Features

Zero Interference DECT Technology
Crystal clear sound
Sleek parent unit
Simple to use and easily mobile

Product Specifications
Product Information
Model number: SCD510/00
Additional product features: Nightlight, Parent Unit Locator
Style: Sound Monitors
Communication technology: DECT
Communication interface: Intercom Talk Back
Power source type: Electric, Rechargable Batteries
Batteries required: Yes
Battery life: 1440 minutes
Alert type: LED Soundlights, Out of Range, Low Battery

Product Details

Product Dimensions: 8.7 x 3.7 x 6.1 inches
UPC: 075020004932
Item model number: SCD510/00

DECT technology guarantees zero interference

Data encryption provides a secure, private connection

Adjustable volume and sound let you hear every giggle, gurgle, and hiccup

LEDs signal level of sound in your baby's room

Talk Back allows for two-way communication

Soothing nightlight comforts your baby

Cordless parent unit operates for up to 24 hours on an eight-hour charge

The battery-operated parent unit works for up to 24 hours on an eight-hour charge. If the power is low or if you are out of range, the parent unit will alert you.

Zero Interferenceand
100% Privacy Guaranteed Zero Interference and 100% Privacy Guaranteed

automatic selection from among 60 channels,

Adjustable Sound Sensitivity and Crystal-Clear Audio
The DECT Baby Monitor's volume level and sound sensitivity is adjustable to the noise level of your environment, which means you'll be able to hear your baby over the television, dishwasher, or lawnmower. And thanks to DECT technology, the monitor will capture every one of you

LEDs and Audible Alert SignalLights on the the DECT Baby Monitor's parent unit are activated to indicate the level of sound in your baby's room. Even when muted, the parent unit's lights will notify you if your baby is stirring.

With one click of the DECT Baby Monitor's Talk Back feature, you can connect with your monitor from anywhere in your home.

Sony NTM-910Y 900 Mhz Babycall Nursery Monitor

Sony NTM-910Y 900 Mhz Babycall Nursery Monitor by Sony

UPC: 705105873138
Item model number: NTM-910Y

Product Description
900 MHz Technology extends the range of BabyCall Monitor to let you take the receiver farther from the nursery, yet still hear activities in the nursery. It comes with 27 channels to greatly minimize interference and uses FM transmission system with channel selector to locate the clearest channel, helping to eliminate interference for clearer communication.

Lorex LW2003 LIVE snap Video Monitor

Lorex LW2003 LIVE snap Video Baby Monitor (White)
by Lorex


Key Benefits

Completely portable
Snap, store, and share with microSD recording
Talk with baby
Multiple viewing options
View day or night
Private and secure
Sleep easy
Interference-free digital signal
Conserve energy

Completely portable
Take the Lorex LIVE snap anywhere you go with your baby. Both the camera and handheld monitor feature built-in rechargeable lithium-ion batteries. The compact, pocket-sized design lets you take the camera and handheld wireless baby monitor with you around the home, outside, or even when you visit friends, relatives, or on vacation.

Multiple viewing options
The pocket-sized video monitor features a super-bright, high contrast 2.4-inch LCD display. Viewing modes include Single Channel, Scan Mode (cycle between each camera automatically), and Quad Split-Screen to view 4 rooms at the same time!
Add-on camera(s) sold separately, model# LW2003AC1.

Snap, store, and share
Snap, store, and share your precious moments with microSD™ recording. Instantly capture those special events in your child's life with one-touch snapshot recording. View images on the handheld monitor, or transfer them easily to a PC or Mac (microSD card reader not included) and share them on sites such as Facebook, Flicker, and Picasa.

View day or night
Keep an eye on baby all night long with crystal clear automatic night vision. Check on the little ones without the risk of waking them up.

Private and secure
The Lorex LIVE snap is a digital baby monitor you can rely on. 100% digital technology ensures a private and secure signal between the camera and handheld monitor.

Conserve energy
Power Saving Mode allows you to listen-in while keeping the monitor's screen turned off to conserve battery life. Turn on the screen at the touch of a button. Use the VOX function if you want the audio and video to turn on automatically to extend battery-life even further.

In the Box

1 Lorex LIVE snap Video Monitor
1 Lorex LIVE snap Camera (with built-in rechargeable lithium-ion battery)
1 Charging cradle
2 Power adapters
1 microSD memory card with SD card adapter
1 rechargeable lithium-ion battery for video monitor
Quick Start Guide
Instruction Manual

Handheld Color Video Monitor with 2.5" Screen

Summer Infant Best View Handheld Color Video Monitor with 2.5" Screen
by Summer Infant
Product Features

100% digital technology for a secure and private connection up to a 350' range
Small, lightweight size with a 2.5'' color LCD screen with B&W night vision, LED sound lights and one touch video on/off for night time convenience
Remotely pan, scan and zoom camera
10 hour rechargeable battery, auto time-out feature
Belt clip and flip stand included

Product Specifications
Product Information
Model number: 02644
Style: Temperature Monitors
Power source type: Electric, Rechargeable Batteries
Batteries required: Yes
Battery type: 1 Battery Pack and Charger
Battery life: 600 minutes
Alert type: audio and video
Standing screen display size: 2.5 inches
Display type: Color
Maximum indoor range: 350 Feet
Handheld display size: 2.5 inches

UPC: 012914026403 012914026441 012914026410
Item model number: 02644

Product Description
100% digital, providing a clear and secure transmission,
The handheld unit has a large 2.5" color display screen with pan, scan and zoom camera options
color LCD screen with B W night vision Remotely pan,scan,zoom Rechargeable battery included Belt clip flip stand LED sound light to see and hear baby's every sound One touch video on,off for night time convenience Extra camera available (sold separately)

The digital technology used for transmitting not only avoids static, but is also private.

The First Years Y3040 | Two Receiver | 49 MHz Monitor

The First Years Two Receiver 49 MHz Monitor by The First Years

Product Features

Super-sensitive microphone detects smallest sounds
sound indicator
Sound plus sound-activated light
FCC approved design

Product Specifications
Product Information
Model number: Y3040
Style: Sound Monitors
Power source type: Battery, Electric
Batteries required: Yes
Battery type: 4 AA
Standing screen display size: 750 inches
Display type: 500 ft - 750 ft
Number of channels: 2

UPC: 071463030408
Item model number: Y3040

Secure Coverage Digital Monitor by GRACO - {2 receivers}

Secure Coverage Digital Monitor - by Graco

Secure digital technology for optimal clarity, performance and privacy
900 MHz frequency means no interference from phones and electronics
Extended 2000 feet range gives you plenty of room to roam

Low battery alarm reminds you to charge the receiver unit

Model number: 1773029
Style: Sound Monitors
Batteries required: Yes
Battery type: 3 AAA
Related Items

amazon links baby monitors1 |Angelcare | Sony | Secure Coverage by Graco | Safety 1st | Safety 1st Crystal Clear Baby Monitor, White: Baby

Safety 1st Crystal Clear Baby Monitor, White
by Safety 1st
Product Features

49 MHz signal has a range up to 600 feet
Portable parent unit with belt clip
Low battery indicator
2 channels and volume control
Energy savings AC adapters

Product Specifications
Product Information
Model number: 8026
Style: Sound Monitors
Communication interface: Intercom Talk Back
Power source type: Electric, Battery
Batteries required: Yes
Battery type: 1 9 volt
Standing screen display size: 7 inches
Display type: Black & White
Sound clarity: 49 MHz
Number of channels: 14

Angelcare Baby Sound Monitor, White by Angelcare

Sony Baby Call Nursery Monitor by Sony

Secure Coverage Digital Monitor - by Graco

Safety 1st Glow And Grow Baby Monitor, White by Dorel Juvenile Group

02580 see & hear monitorl | Day & Night Color Video-Monitor 7" CD Screen | night vision

see and hear call, "Summer Infant" & Night Flat Screen Color Video Monitor with 7" LCD Screen. Model number: 02580

color picture display during the day and black/white night vision

900 MHz technology, 2 channels to minimize interference,

extended range Wall mountable camera (wall anchor and security clips included

One touch video on/off button for audio only option at night

wall anchor for camera

Wall and under cabinet mounting option for unit,

Product Specifications
Product Information
Style: Video Monitor
Power source type: Electric
Batteries required: Yes
Battery type: 1 Battery Pack and Charger
Alert type: LED Sound-lights
Standing screen display size: 7 inches
Display type: Color
Number of channels: 2

Allows carer to monitor anywhere from in the home and has a range of 400.

Extra Camera (model 02610) available separately.

Saturday, July 2, 2011

Philips - DECT audio monitor SCD510/00

Philips - DECT baby monitor SCD510/00
Technical specifications
Operating temperature range: 10 - 40 °C
Storage temperature range: 10 - 40 °C
Frequency band: DECT
Automatic channel selection: Yes
Number of channels: 120
Auto out of range warning: Yes
Battery low indication: Yes

Sound-level lights: Yes
Volume control: Yes
Sensitivity control: Yes
AC/DC adaptor: Yes
Batteries: Yes
Belt clip: Yes
DFU/ user manual: Yes

Quick start guide: Yes
Charging time: 8 hour(s)
Power supply: 220 - 240 V
Power supply: 120 V (US)
Operating time on battery: 24 hour(s).

Digital Audio Monitors| DECT, Philips, Graco, Fisher-Price, Motorola, smartphone apps

Digital Baby Monitors Newer DECT audio monitors get the least interference

"The biggest problems with baby monitors have always been static and interference. Interference can be particularly problematic. Because the majority of monitors are still analog monitors, they can easily pick up nearby signals on the same bandwidth. Parents report hearing their neighbor's sounds through their own monitor -- or worse, hearing neighbors' conversations." if you can hear your neighbors, there's a good chance

Reviewers say there's really no absolute way to tell unless you actually try a baby monitor in your house, so save your receipt.

voice-only communications, on the new 1.9 GHz frequency -- also called DECT (digitally enhanced cordless telecommunications)

monitors and cords -- analog or digital -- be placed at least three feet away from a person.

"Philips baby monitor also has some nice extras, including auto channel switching (to find the clearest signal), a walkie-talkie feature and indicators for low-battery and out of range. Sensitivity control also allows you to adjust for ambient noise like an air conditioner or humidifier."

Summer Infant Slim & Clear Digital Audio Monitor . The 2.4 GHz Slim & Clear Digital Audio Monitor features volume control, visual sound lights and a rechargeable battery. The Slim & Clear baby monitor also comes in a dual version.

Graco, Fisher-Price and Safety 1st offers digital audio monitors. Graco's three digital monitors, the iMonitor, Secure Coverage and Direct Connect

Fisher-Price offers Talk to Baby Digital Monitor features an intercom, nap time, rechargeable batteries and low-battery and out of range indicators. Reviewers say that audio clarity and sensitivity are fine, but that the monitor is bulky, breaks quickly and has a decided buzz that emits from the receiver unit.


The Motorola Digital Audio Monitor. Motorola baby monitor is the only one with limited static and long durability. Reviewers also note it is a budget-friendly purchase.

Baby monitor smartphone apps

If you only need a audio monitor occasionally, BabyPhone app allows parents to turn their iPhone into a audio monitor. The app lets you turn your iPhone into a receiver unit phone's microphone picks up the sound and alerts carer by automatically calling another phone number.

BabyPhone apps for parents works with the iPhone's ultra-sensitive microphone. Baby Monitor for iPhone is another option and similar apps for BlackBerry and Android phones.

Withings first video baby phone. The device allows you to watch directly from your iPhone, iPad, iTouch and Android -- there's no parent receiver unit, just a camera unit.